Sunday, March 3, 2013

Christianity, Egypt and Monotheism Pt.2




19th Century Western anthropology constructed a model representing the development of mankind in which man evolved in progression from Animism via Polytheism to Monotheism as the last link in a long chain. [See, for example E.B. Tylor (1832-1917) founder of cultural anthropology]. This is model was, of course, self serving and arbitrary. Its purpose was to put Western European Civilization on top and devalue the rest of human existence; which ironically isn't a very civilized thing to do at all. 

(More recently, many have added Science or an Atheistic Materialism as the final link in the chain; meaning the belief that only what science can prove and define through observation is what exists.)

Most early anthropologists classified the Egyptian religion as polytheistic.  However this model and classification broke down as others began to study the Egyptian worldview in earnest.  

From the attributes of God set forth in Egyptian texts of all periods, Dr. Heinrich Karl Brugsch, Emmanuel de Rougé, and other eminent Egyptologists have come to the opinion that "the dwellers in the Nile valley, from the earliest times, knew and worshipped one God, nameless, incomprehensible, and eternal."

Consider the following verses Dr. Brugsch compiled from the "Hymn to Amun Ra" and the Tomb of Princess Nesi-Khesnsu.

"God is one and alone, and none other existeth with Him--God is the One, the One who hath made all things--God is a spirit, a hidden spirit, the spirit of spirits, the great spirit of the Egyptians, the divine spirit--God is from the beginning, and He hath been from the beginning, He hath existed from old and was when nothing else had being." 


"He existed when nothing else existed, and what existeth He created after He had come into being, He is the Father of beginnings--God is the eternal One, He is eternal and infinite and endureth for ever and aye--God is hidden and no man knoweth His form. No man hath been able to seek out His likeness; --His name remaineth hidden; He begetteth, but was never begotten; He createth, but was never created."

"God Himself is existence, He endureth without increase or diminution, He multiplieth Himself millions of times, and He is manifold in forms and in members-- He is the Creator of the heavens, and of the earth. God hath stretched out the heavens and founded the earth-What His heart conceived straightway came to pass, God is merciful unto those who reverence Him, and He heareth him that calleth upon Him. God knoweth him that acknowledgeth Him, He rewardeth him that serveth Him, and He protecteth him that followeth Him."

The word God here has been translated from Amun-Ra, Nebertcher* or Neter.

Ancient Egyptian Religion is predicated upon a simple but profund concept -that all that is Created is actually an expression of one indivisible being. That being manifests as apparent objects and multiplicity in Creation. This being was referred to as Neter and its expressions were termed "Neteru."  Neter means "Divinity" and Neteru means "aspects of the original divinity". 

(*Neberdjer means all encompassing divinity; the all-inclusive, all-embracing Spirit which pervades all and who is the ultimate essence of all. This first truth unifies all the expressions of Kamitian religion.)



The notion of Amun represents an insight of the Ancient Egyptian philosophy concerning the nature of the un-manifest aspect of all existence and the understanding of human consciousness. This teaching speaks of God as an un-manifest, nameless, formless, Being of Light which is the source of all that is manifest.
Ra symbolizes the physical representation of this "light". In other words, Amun-Ra represents the concept of bringing the un-manifest into manifestation. 




It must be acknowledged that Egyptian religion lies beyond the simple Western labels of monotheism and polytheism. Monotheism means (to the West) an exclusive, personified deity who exists in fact and is separate from creation. It is the belief in or worship of only One God, but does not exclude that fact that there could be two, or three or four (presumptively false) gods that others worship.



From the Ancient Egyptian's view, however, monotheism would imply that God is the only reality that truly exists and therefore all that exists is an expression of the Divine. In other words God expresses as nature, the stars, your body, your thought, your senses, all physical objects, etc. 


This view is actually closer to Monism. Monism means that there is a recognition that there is only one reality that exists: God. All else is imagination. 



The Egyptian's outlook doesn't neatly fit the classification defining them as polytheists who worshipped many gods either. Let's look at what this actually means.  The word worship is derived from the Old English weorthscipe, meaning worthiness or worth-ship — to give, at its simplest, worth to something. (Likewise "praise" is defined simply the act of making positive statements about a person, object or idea, either in public or privately). So in this original sense one can give worth to whatever is deemed worthy- one's spouse or partner, relatives, ancestors, trees, the stars, the sun etc.  Now, the Egyptians didn't use the word god or gods. They, rather, revered or gave worth to the Neteru, which to them, were actually encodings of particular energy patterns seen with certain qualities and moods to help the mind relate to them more readily. In other words they valued nature and thought it worthy of respect. 

"If you are searching for a Neter, observe Nature."

"The best and shortest road towards knowledge of truth [is] Nature." 

~From  the Outer Temple at Luxor, Egypt.

To say Egyptians were polytheists because they worshipped many gods is also misleading because it assumes our current mindset can explain their worldview without even attempting to understand it.

What is clear now is that Egyptians used images to construct their written alphabet. These images represented sounds as well as ideas. For example the Neter Sekhmet is represented as having the head of a lioness and the body of woman. Sekhmet represents passion and fierceness symbolic of the power with which a mother lioness, protects her cubs. She is a champion and a warrior. In an esoteric sense she is the one who paves the way for spiritual evolution by destroying the evil of ignorance and sinfulness in the human heart. Did Egyptians believe there was actually a being with a lion head and a woman's body? Of course not. This was a symbol, expressing an idea and an aspect of the Divine.

Another misunderstanding we have coming from  early Western interpretations is the notion that Egyptians were pagan or heathen. Again, many, as Christians, see the world this way. But let's inspect. 

Originally, the English word “heathen” simply meant “the people out on the heath”. It was a contemptuous word that town-people used of the poorer or rural people who lived outside the town walls. (The word “peasant”, which is of French origin, from pais, “district”, “country”, has the same [contemptuous] meaning. “Country people”, “rural people”.) In the New Testament, what some bible-translators have rendered as “heathen” (or “pagan” or “gentile”), is in the Greek text ethnos (“nation”), ethnoi (“nations”),ethnikos (“of the nations”) or ethnikôs (“after the manner of the nations”). In the Old Testament, the Hebrew word which some bible-translators have rendered as “heathen”, is gowy, plural goyim, meaning “nations”.

In other words, where the scriptures are simply referring to "other nations" they have been translated as heathen. Sadly, English translators have misled us and corrupted our worldview with their judgment laden definitions.

All of these misunderstandings and misinterpretations, intentional or otherwise, have led us to the our present state of complacent ignorance about our own heritage and some very insightful understanding about the nature of the cosmos and our reality. Because what all of Egyptian religion amounted to was the overcoming of negative distractions and the development of spiritual enlightenment.




Spiritual Enlightenment is the awakening of the human being to the awareness of the transcendental essence which binds the universe and which is eternal and immutable. In this discovery is also the sobering and ecstatic realization that the human being is one with that transcendental essence. With this realization comes great joy, peace and power to experience the fullness of life and to realize the purpose of life during the time on earth. It is turning toward the light of truth, peace and transcendental harmony.1

"Man is to become God-like through a life of virtue and the cultivation of the spirit through scientific knowledge, practice and bodily discipline."

These teachings were  also found on the temple wall at Karnak:

'The body is the house of God. That is why it is said, 'Man know thyself.'"

- Outer Temple Wall.

Ultimately, the view Ancient Kemet gave us was that all is inter-connected and that there is unity in the multiplicity of nature and in the reality we see- and don't see.

All is one.


"That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us..."
Jesus, John 17:21.


Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance.

~Isaiah 19:18
__


1. Dr. Muata Ashby


23 comments:

Anonymous said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Unknown said...

ray ban sungalsses
oakley sunglasses sale
abercrombie and fitch
toms outlet
toms wedges
ray ban outlet
michael kors uk
hollister clothing store
tory burch outlet
discount christian louboutin
chi flat iron
michael kors outlet online
coach outlet online
burberry outlet
louis vuitton outlet
dior outlet
imitation watches
michael kors outlet online
ray ban sunglasses
adidas running shoes
jordan 11 columbia
coach outlet store online
cheap oakley sunglasses
red christian louboutin
cheap lululemon
burberry outlet
coach factorty outlet
2015623yuanyuan

mao qiuyun said...

louis vuitton handbags
tiffany jewelry
tommy hilfiger outlet
pandora
nike roshe run
nhl jerseys
hermes outlet
insanity workout
michael kors canada, http://www.michaelkorsoutletcanada.in.net
michael kors outlet, http://www.michaelkorsoutletcanada.in.net
air max 2014
abercrombie
cheap wedding dresses
kate spade outlet
baltimore ravens jerseys
asics shoes
oakley sunglasses
oakland raiders jerseys
oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses
tory burch outlet
discount oakley sunglasses
evening dresses
air jordan 13
marc jacobs
new balance shoes
nike free
abercrombie
lebron james shoes
mulberry uk
gucci outlet
kobe bryants shoes
ray ban sunglasses online
beats headphones
the north face jackets
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton outlet
indianapolis colts jerseys
babyliss pro
air jordan 11
0804maoqiuyun

John said...

hollister kids
oakley sunglases cheap
nike free run
nike tn
giuseppe zanotti sneakers
retro jordans
uggs on sale
canada goose uk
supra shoes
true religion jeans
replica watches
christian louboutin shoes
toms outlet
hollister uk
nike trainers
polo ralph lauren
ed hardy clothing
ghd hair straighteners
nike blazer
nike air max 90
adidas shoes
tods outlet
sac longchamp pliage
rolex watches
louis vuitton borse
football shoes
marc jacobs
pandora jewelry
north face uk
oakley sunglasses
coach factory outlet
kate spade
air max
2015924yuanyuan

Minko Chen said...

nhl jerseys
hermes belt for sale
tory burch outlet online
ralph lauren outlet
kobe bryants shoes
swarovski crystal
air jordan 11
ray ban outlet
coach outlet store
michael kors factory online
miami dolphins
celine outlet
michael kors handbags outlet
new york giants
nike outlet store
ralph lauren outlet
true religion outlet
toms outlet store
beats by dre
1023MINKO

Minko Chen said...

nhl jerseys
hermes belt for sale
tory burch outlet online
ralph lauren outlet
kobe bryants shoes
swarovski crystal
air jordan 11
ray ban outlet
coach outlet store
michael kors factory online
miami dolphins
celine outlet
michael kors handbags outlet
new york giants
nike outlet store
ralph lauren outlet
true religion outlet
toms outlet store
beats by dre
1023MINKO

Zhenhong Bao said...

true religion jeans
michael kors uk outlet
rolex watches
oakley sunglasses
michael kors outlet store
cheap replica watches
ray ban sunglasses
burberry outlet online
kate spade outlet
rolex watches for sale
burberry outlet sale
soccer jerseys wholesale
burberry outlet
mulberry outlet store
police sunglasses for men
thomas sabo outlet
timberland shoes
cheap jordan shoes
michael kors outlet
ralph lauren polo
true religion outlet
rolex watches
nike air force 1
swarovski crystal
tiffany jewelry
ferragamo shoes
louboutin pas cher
true religion outlet
fitflop clearance
longchamp pas cher
fitflops uk
fitflops sale
michael kors uk
fitflops shoes
michael kors factory outlet
20160514zhenhong

Zheng junxai5 said...

zhengjx20160712
louis vuitton outlet
ralph lauren outlet
nfl jerseys
adidas stan smith
jordan 6s
cheap jordans
tiffany and co
supra footwear
nike air force 1 white
cheap jordans
coach outlet
coach outlet
michael kors purses
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet
kobe 8
louis vuitton
louis vuitton bags
true religion jeans
coach outlet
air max 95
replica rolex watches
jordan retro 8
ladies cartier watches
christian louboutin outlet
cheap jordan shoes
coach outlet
coach outlet online
pandora charms
nike sb janoski
air force 1 trainers
kd 8
oakley sunglasses wholesale
christian louboutin shoes
lebron james shoes 13
fit flops
cheap oakleys
burberry outlet online
gucci outlet
mont blanc pen

Gege Dai said...

fitflops uk
louboutin pas cher
louis vuitton pas cher
hollister uk
burberry outlet store
nike air max 2015
ray-ban sunglasses
true religion canada
mulberry handbags
michael kors handbags clearance
rolex watches outlet
rolex orologi
polo ralph lauren
ugg boots clearance
pandora outlet
nike air force 1
chicago blackhawks jerseys
mulberry outlet
prada outlet online
michael kors outlet online
ugg boots
thomas sabo uk
longchamp handbags
air jordan 13
giuseppe zanotti outlet
true religion jeans
ralph lauren outlet
puma outlet
polo outlet
coach outlet
cheap jordans
tods outlet online
nike mercurial
swarovski crystal
ralph lauren polo shirts
0727jianxiang

Meiqing Xu said...

cheap oakley sunglasses
rolex daytona
ralph lauren outlet
asics shoes
timberlands
ugg boots
rolex replica watches
true religion jeans
mcm outlet
cheap jordans
coach outlet online
cheap ray ban sunglasses
cheap ugg boots
cheap nhl jerseys
celine outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
michael kors outlet clearance
ray ban sunglasses
christian louboutin outlet
polo ralph lauren outlet
gucci outlet
coach outlet online
true religion jeans
nike roshe run women
oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses
babyliss flat iron
air jordan shoes
true religion jeans
converse shoes
true religion outlet
oakley sunglasses outlet
adidas shoes
chi flat iron
louboutin
ZHUO20160818

xumeiqing said...

20161021meiqing
ray ban sunglasses
gucci outlet
ray ban eyeglasses
coach factory outlet
fitflops
ugg australia
birkenstock shoes
hermes birkin
nike air force 1
coach outlet

dong dong23 said...

kate spade outlet
adidas trainers
mulberry handbags
louis vuitton handbags
gucci outlet
louis vuitton
louis vuitton outlet
coach outlet
chicago bulls jerseys
ugg boots
golden state warriors jerseys
ugg outlet
kate spade outlet
christian louboutin uk
coach outlet
ugg boots uk
louis vuitton handbags
louis vuitton
true religion outlet
uggs pas cher
nike air max 90
burberry outlet
michael kors handbags
louis vuitton handbags
rolex watches outlet
tods shoes
replica rolex watches
adidas shoes
cheap uggs
cheap uggs
pandora jewelry
oakley sunglasses
adidas shoes
michael kors handbags
coach factory outlet
mbt outlet
adidas outlet
true religion uk
true religion outlet
toms shoes
201610.29wengdongdong

琐事 said...

michael kors handbags wholesale
cheap nfl jerseys wholesale
instyler max 2
nike huarache trainers
ed hardy outlet
pandora charms
michael kors handbags sale
tiffany and co outlet
lebron shoes
longchamp le pliage

龙大猫 said...

skechers outlet store
nike huarache
http://www.tiffanyand.co.uk
tiffany & co
adidas nmd online
michael kors outlet online
cheap retro jordans
longchamp uk
huarache shoes
retro jordans
achang

LCc 03 said...

longchamp sale
cheap jordans
huarache shoes
longchamp le pliage
jordan retro
yeezy boost
lacoste polo shirts
huaraches shoes
jordans for cheap
michael kors purses

LCc 03 said...

nike roshe run
michael kors outlet store
michael kors
adidas stan smith sneakers
yeezy boost
links of london
adidas tubular
nike air max thea
louboutin shoes
nike huaraches

dong dong23 said...

michael kors outlet online sale
ray ban sunglasses
le coq sportif usa
michael kors purses
ferragamo outlet
burberry outlet
nhl jerseys wholesale
oakley sunglasses sale
michael kors handbags
gucci outlet online
2017.3.14chenlixiang

Hua Cai said...

coach factory outlet
coach outlet
louis vuitton handbags
gucci outlet
foamposite shoes
louis vuitton outlet
adidas uk store
puma shoes
nike store
louis vuitton borse
20170329caihuali

raybanoutlet001 said...

oakley sunglasses
new balance shoes
michael kors handbags
ecco
cheap jordan
coach handbags
michael kors handbags wholesale
coach outlet online
moncler jackets
oakley sunglasses

Jian Zhuo said...

polo ralph lauren
michael kors outlet online
michael kors outlet online
ralph lauren outlet online
pandora jewelry
parada bags
michael kors uk
eahawks jerseys
coach outlet online
eltics jerseys
170513yueqin

raybanoutlet001 said...

rolex replica
ugg outlet
nike outlet
oakland raiders jerseys
bills jerseys
michael kors uk
louboutin shoes
ray ban sunglasses
ugg boots
yeezy boost 350 white

1111141414 said...

air max 2018
curry 2
patriots jerseys
new england patriots jerseys
nike air force
hermes belt
links of london sale
hermes belts for men
jordan shoes
adidas nmd

jeje said...

michael kors outlet
tory burch shoes
fitflops
jordan 11
adidas ultra boost
kobe shoes
nmd
adidas outlet online
air jordans
cheap jordans